Every day, more and smarter phones are being bought around the world. As its popularity has grown, so has the demand for smartphone-friendly websites. This has led web developers to change the way they create websites, allowing them to be compatible with smartphone devices.
But, why should web development change? There are a number of reasons because the phones have a completely different composition than a desktop or laptop computer:
Screen: smartphones have a considerably smaller screen than a traditional computer; It’s only 2.5 inches. Pixel resolution has also been greatly reduced, to 240 x 320. Web development must change to ensure that websites can be properly viewed on these devices.
Keyboard: Smartphones will have a physical or touch screen QWERTY keyboard on a small scale, very similar to the one used in a normal computer. However, as the size of the keyboard has been reduced considerably, it is difficult for users to scroll. Web developers had to find a way to locate the most important content first so that the movement is minimized.
Distractions: unlike the traditional computer, people generally surf the Internet on their phones when they are in noisy and busy places, such as public transport. Due to these distractions, the user’s attention is usually divided. Web developers should make sure that the websites for smartphones are designed for quick and easy reading.
The web development for smartphones reached a milestone when it was possible to buy a mobile domain name (ending in .mobi) for websites that could only be viewed on mobile devices. It soon became clear, however, that this was more difficult for companies that later needed two domain names: one for common computers and one for smartphones.
It was also possible to create websites for specific telephone devices, such as having one for HTC Desire and another for Samsung Galaxy. Due to the problems that Internet browsers do not know the device and the devices change with new updates, this practice is not common.
These days, it is much easier for web developers to use CSS to serve websites that suit a variety of devices. CSS can detect when an advanced mobile device is being used to access the web page and reformats the site accordingly. This means that developers do not need to use different websites for browsers that use smartphones, which makes their work much easier.